Shat Gombuj Mosque
Shat Gombuj Mosque (Sixty-Dome Mosque) is an ancient mosque located in the south-west of Bagerhat district of Bangladesh. It is one of the most attractions in Bagerhat. But there is no doubt about the architecture of the mosque that Khan-i-Jahan Ali had built it. It is believed that he built it in the 15th century. This mosque was built for many years and with a lot of money.
The stones were brought from Rajmahal. It is located in one of the three world heritage sites of Bangladesh. The archipelago was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Center in 1985. There is no inscription on the mosque. So no accurate information is available about who was created or at what time it was built. The mosque is about 160 feet in the north-south direction and about 143 feet long in the interior and about 104 feet on the east-west side and about 88 feet wide in the interior. The walls are about 8 feet thick.
The history of today’s Bagerhat has been found in the Bengal Sultanate of Sultan Nasir al-Din Mahmud Shah (1442-1459). In the 15th century, an administrator of the Sultanate Ulugh Khan Jahan (1433-1459) founded this city. 1459 was mentioned in his grave as the year of his death. It is evident from the fact that the city was built in the 15th century. It is a planned city of roads, bridges and water supply. There are still two ponds are alive among his excavated ponds: “Ghoradighi” and “Dargadighi.” It is known that due to political and economic, Delhi’s sultanate is far from India. He wanted to preach Islam in Bengal on the verge of expansion and he was given the responsibility of Ulugh Khan Jahan, who was in charge of Jhenaidah, Satkhira, Patuakhali, and Barisal in southern Bengal. He is a holy man who declines unnecessary personal achievements.
He abdicated from the royal post and did not put anything in his name. That is why his grave has been preserved seriously in Bangladesh and numerous religious people came here. Studies on 10 mosques of Bagerhat show that among them seven mosques – sixty dome mosque, Ulugh Khan Jahan Mazar, Ranvijaypur Mosque, Bibi Begoni Mosque, Chunkhola Mosque and Nine Domed Mosque are built in the style of Ulugh Khan Jahan. The area was thoroughly examined in 1895 and the restoration of the Sixty-Dome Mosque in 1903-04 was visible. In 1982-83, UNESCO took a major plan for the Bagerhat area and in 1985 it was included in the World Heritage Site list.
Exterior of Shat Gombuj Mosque
Shat Gombuj Mosque has 11 large enclosure doors on the eastern wall. The middle door is bigger than the others. The north and south walls have 7 doors. There are 4 Minars in the 4 corners of the mosque. Their design is round and they are narrowed upwards. They have annular bands and rounded dome with corners. The height of the Minars, more than the rooftop cornice. There are two stairs on the front and there are arrangements for Ajan. One of them is named Raushan Kotha, and the other is named as Andhar Kotha. There are 60 pillars inside the mosque.
They are located in 6 rows from north to south and there are 10 pillars in each row. Each pillar is cut into the stone, only 5 pillars have been covered with bricks from outside. The domes are made on these 60 pillars and surrounding walls. The name of the mosque is sixty domes (60 domes) mosque, but the dome here is not 60. The actual number of the dome is 77.
There are four more domes in the four Miners of four corners. As a result, the total number of the dome is 81. Yet its name is Sixty-Dome Mosque. Historians believe that the dome is located on 60 stone pillars Historians believe that the domes are built on 60 stone pillars. That is why the name is Sixty Dome Mosque. It is well known that Hazrat Khan Jahan (Rm) brought all the stones floated on the sea by means of his miraculous powers from the Rajmahal of Orissa in India for the construction of the sixty-Dome Mosque. The structure of the building is characterized by the special influence of Tughlaq architecture.
Interior of Shat Gombuj Mosque
There are 10 mihrabs on the western wall inside the mosque. The middle mihrab is bigger than the others. There are 5 mihrabs in the south and 4 mihrabs in the north. Just next to the middle mihrab, on the north side, there is 1 small door. According to some, Khan-i-Jahan used this mosque as a darbar hall apart from the work of Salat, and this door was the entrance to the darbar hall. Others say that the mosque was also used as a madrasa.
You can also visit:
The Nine-Dome Mosque was built in the 15th century. It is situated on the west side of a lake, known as Thakur Dighi. There is the Majar of Khan Jahan Ali near this Mosque. The terracotta of flower design is seen around the mihrab. There are four Minars in corners of the mosque. The mosque has a huge dome and there are eight smaller domes around it.
Singra Mosque is located on the southeast of the Sixty-Dome Mosque. This mosque has only one dome. According to Khan Jahan Ali’s own architecture, the dome is standing on a thick wall and at the top, it has curved cornice. Bibi Beguni Mosque and Chunakhola Mosque are also a one-domed mosque, but their size is much larger than Singra Mosque.
Rannivajapur Mosque has the largest dome of Bangladesh. It is 11 meters wide. The interior of the mosque is very simple. But there is flower design on the main mihrab. It is located on the opposite side of Khan Jahan Museum at Khulna Bagerhat Road. This mosque has been built in the architecture of Khan Jahan Ali. It was repaired several times between 1960 and 1970.
The tomb of Khan Jahan
The tomb of Khan Jahan is located on the north bank of Thakur Dighi. It is made in a square with a convex material made of square and digging. The tomb is a single domed structure placed over 45 square feet. After the construction of the five layers of a certain size stone, the structure of the tomb is completed by brick walls. From the documented sources in 1886, it is known that the floor was covered by several colors of hexagonal tiles, most of which were blue, white and yellow. However, currently, these tiles are found in few places of the tomb. The Tomb of Khan Jahan has been made with arranging black stone in three steps. Now this place is important to the people of religious perspective and people come here to pay homage to Khan Jahan Ali.
In collaboration with UNESCO, Bangladesh Archeology Department established a small museum in front of the Sixty-Dome Mosque. Ancient monuments found from the historic area have been preserved here so that people can be informed about the history of Bagerhat.
Visiting time and fees:
The place is open from 10 am to 6 pm in the summer. And it is open from 9 am to 5 pm in the winter. For the Jumma prayer on Friday, it is closed from 12:30 pm for 3 hours. On Sunday, the general holiday and the Bagerhat Museum is open from 2:00 on Monday.
The ticket price is 20 BDT per person. But for children of under five, there is no need for a ticket. For any foreign visitor, the ticket price is 200 BDT, but 100 BDT for the citizens of SAARC countries. And the Entry fee for the students up to the secondary level 5 BDT per person.
How to go there?
There is the direct bus from Sayedabad and Gabtali bus stands of Dhaka to Bagherhat. It will be both mone and time efficient. You can reach Bagerhat with 380 to 400 Taka. If you want you can get on the bus from Gabtali or Shyamali. If you want to go to the train, you have to start from Kamalapur. After reaching Khulna, you can go to Bagerhat by bus.
If you want to enjoy a little more, you can get on launch from the Dhaka Sadarghat. After reaching Morolganj, you can go to Sixty-Dome Mosque in Bagerhat.
Where will you stay?
There are only a few hotels in Bagerhat. The best hotels two hotels are as follows:
• Momtaz Hotel of Rail Road Area Bagerhat.
• Hotel Jalico, Lower Jessore Road, Khulna.
Phone: +880-41-283962, 810933, 725912 Mobile: +880-175-743477